Mount Bromo Semeru Tengger National Park
Probolinggo Tourism,  Volcano

Mount Bromo Tengger National Park

Mount Bromo Tengger National Park

Mount Bromo Semeru Tengger National ParkMount Bromo is the best tourism object Indonesia, It’s popularity have been known in all the world until most visitors purpose to spend their vacation in Mount Bromo for many days. Bromo Volcano also called “Gunung Bromo” in Indonesia Language, it is located in Cemoro Lawang, Ngadisari Village. This mount is one of an active volcano in East Java Province Indonesia with an altitude 2,329 metres above sea level and still included in “Bromo Tengger National Park“. Mt Bromo is settled in the middle between Probolinggo, Malang, Pasuruan and Lumajang City.

The beauty of Bromo Mountain will seem very clear when the visitors have reached the highest view point or Mount Pananjakan (the highest peak with altitude 2,770 maters above sea level). To reach the first view point (Mount Pananjakan), very suggested to take the an organized Bromo Jeep 4 WD from Mount Bromo hotel area because the road is very steep and to much curve. After reached Mount Pananjakan, you will feel the beauty of Mount Bromo Sunrise, a wide Sea of Sand, Mount Bromo Crater, Mount Batok and Mount Semeru (the highest mount in Java with altitude 3,676 meters above sea level, If You are interested to take Mount Semeru Trekking Package, You can choose on January – November).

Derivation of Bromo Semeru Tengger National Park

The Existence of “Mount Bromo Tengger National Park” was derived from an abbreviation of Tengger (Cemoro Lawang tribe of Ngadisari village). The name of “Tengger” was taken from the suffix TENG namely “Roro Anteng” and the suffix GER namely “Joko Seger”. The Tengger tribe were the original inhabitants of Mount Bromo that derived from the legend of Princess Roro Anteng (daughter of the Majapahit King Brawijaya) and her husband Joko Seger. Here they developed a new kingdom namely “Tengger” using parts of their respective surnames. The Kingdom of Tengger transformed into prospered and their religion flourished, but the royal couple were unable to produce an heritage to the throne. In desperation they prayed and meditated on Bromo Mountain for many days before the crater opened and the almighty god Hyang Widi Wasa announced that they would be given 25 children, with the condition that the last child named “Kusuma” must be sacrificed to Mount Bromo Crater. After 25 children were produced in last year later, Roro Anteng and Joko Segger broke their god condition and refused to sacrifice their last borne Prince Kesuma. Eventually, a dreadful eruption of Bromo followed and swallowed Kesuma into the crater. To appease the great God, Kesuma’s brothers and sisters held an offering ceremony at the crater once every year until today namley “The Yadnya Kasada Ceremony” and celebrated in Mount Bromo Semeru National Park, East Java Indonesia on the full moon of the 12th month according the Tenggerese calendar.

Mount Bromo Eruption

The first eruption of Mount Bromo was on 2004, The eruption episode led to the death of two people who had been hit by rocks from the explosion. The last eruption On Tuesday, 23 November 2010, 16.30 WIB (Western Indonesian Time), the Indonesian Centre of Vulcanology and Geology Hazard Mitigation (CVGHM) confirmed the activity status at “alert” due to increasing tremor activity and shallow volcanic earthquakes at the mountain. Concerns were raised that a volcanic eruption might be likely occurred. As a precaution local residents and tourists were instructed to remain clear of an area within a radius of three kilometres from the caldera and refugee encampments were erected. The area surrounding the Teggera caldera of Bromo remained off-limits for visitors throughout the remainder of 2010 Eventually, Mount Bromo, East Java erupted a volcanic ash on Friday 26 November 2010 until 23 January 2011

Deformation measurement using electronic distance measurement equipment compared observations at designated measuring points; POS-BRO, POS-KUR and POS-BAT during the period 25 November 2010 – 20 December 2010 with observations from the period 21 December 2010 – 30 December 2010 indicated the shortening of the distance from the POS-BAT or inflation. Observations between 30 December 2010 to 23 January 2011 were reported as relatively stable.

The wander of Mount Bromo Semeru Tengger National Park

Despite Mount Bromo had accurred eruption began on 2004 and the last was on 2011, but the domestic and foreign visitors still active taking thier vacation to this mountain. The last eruption not impacted to the landscape because rainy season had wiped the volcanic ash that coverred Mount Bromo eruption remain, The wanderful of Mount Bromo is located in a massive desert that created after the last eruption and result more amazing landscape until this volcano popular as the iconic mount in Indonesia.

The visitors coming to Mount Bromo with various purpose, Some of them coming to enjoy a honeymoon tour and some of them only enjoy Mount Bromo midnight tour without stay in hotel. Mount Bromo not only as vacation purpose but also is the centre of photographer action, They visit the highest peak usually known “view point” at Mount Pananjakan by Bromo jeep rental to get Mt Bromo Milky Way, by starting from hotel in bromo mountain at 01:00 AM until the last at 04:00 AM then waiting for the sunrise at 15:15 AM until finish at 06:30 AM.

Mt Bromo Tour from Surabaya, Malang, Banyuwangi, Bali Island


  • Mount Bromo Tengger National Park has cold temperature around 03 – 05 degree centigrade, very suggested to bring Jacket, Gloves, Hat and other mountain clothes before You start Mount Bromo Sunrise Tour. For detail information about Mt Bromo Tour Price, accommodation and facilities, You can visit Our Contact.

Mount Bromo Java Island, Indonesia

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