Mount Lamongan Lumajang, East Java
Mount Lamongan is one of an active volcano in East Java Island, Indonesia located at between Lumajang and Probolinggo regency. Lamongan volcano is in a maar type as a part of Iyang Mountains group.
Lamongan volcano has 1,651 meters high above sea level, and settled in two giant volcanic complexes, namely the Mount Tengger, the complex in the west and Mount Iyang in the East. Mt Lamongan is one of the 21 volcanoes in Indonesia that classified as class A, has experienced at least one
magnetic eruption since 1600. Its eruption occured on 1799. Even until 1898, This mountain held the record for the most eruptions in Indonesia.
Since the 1900s, Mount Lamongan has never erupted again. Finally, the eruption record was taken over by Mount Semeru. This mountain actually has its own uniqueness which is rarely owned by other mountains in Java Island. If You are interesting to admire the beauty of Mount Lamongan views, You can choose on April – September month, these months usually dry and clear.
Lamongang Mount also has natural spring like the Kumbolo lake on Mount Semeru, From the peak, the lakes looked like little ponds scattered about. In geological and volcanological terms, tectonic lakes are known as maar. Maar occurred as a result of volcanic eruptions which were circular in shape and steep walls. Maar is formed by phreatic and phreatomagnetic eruptions at one active time.
Since 1907 until now it only become 10 maar formed on the face of the earth. However, in prehistoric times there have been many maar. The largest and greatest maar ever recorded was in Pematang Bata in 1933. The two maars that were formed were one and two kilometers in diameter. Maar is a very rare phenomenon.
Until now, the Directorate of Volcanology has not detected maar activities around Mt Lamongan. From Surabaya Bus station, the trip will head to the Klakah before Lumajang by taking a bus with a fare of IDR. 100,000 per person. From there the climbing route will taken the top. Before going to Lamongan Peak, You will rest in Papringan village (water source) to fill the water supply to meet the needs to the top. The trekking time from Klakah village to Papringan Village usually takes approximately 1 hour.
From Papringan village, headed to the house of the caretaker of Mt Lamongan, namely Mbah Citro. The climb to Mbah Citro’s house need 1 hour. Here You can rest before get the Lamongan area to restore your stamina. Climbing to Lamongan moutain peak is better done at night.
Around 22.00 WIB, start hiking to Lamongan top. The night hike to Lamongan peak is intended to reduce the feeling of heat and thirst. At around 23.00 the climbers arrive at Watu Gede with a sloping road. In Watu
Gede, climbers usually rest for 2 hours. Precisely at 01.00 the hikers start hiking again to the top.
The Lamongan hikers usually arrive at the top rather long because the road condition is steep. So the hiker must be extra careful, because the road to Lamongan peak is rocky after passing through the steep incline You can find a forest of ferns, then You will arrive at the base
of the kobong and through a steep incline. Approximately 50 meters, You can reach the Lamongan peak.
At Lamongan peak You will arrive at around 05.00 and can enjoy Mount Lamongan sunrise. From this peak all high volcanoes will seem like Mount Raung, Argopuro, Semeru volcano, and Mount Bromo tengger mountain complex. So, total hiking activity taken approximately 1 day.
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